Subscriptions

Setup

For the server implementation, you can take a look at this simple example.

To enable the websocket-based subscription, a bit of additional setup is required:

npm install --save apollo-link-ws apollo-utilities
import Vue from 'vue'
import { ApolloClient } from 'apollo-client'
import { HttpLink } from 'apollo-link-http'
import { InMemoryCache } from 'apollo-cache-inmemory'
// New Imports
import { split } from 'apollo-link'
import { WebSocketLink } from 'apollo-link-ws'
import { getMainDefinition } from 'apollo-utilities'

import VueApollo from 'vue-apollo'

const httpLink = new HttpLink({
  // You should use an absolute URL here
  uri: 'http://localhost:3020/graphql',
})

// Create the subscription websocket link
const wsLink = new WebSocketLink({
  uri: 'ws://localhost:3000/subscriptions',
  options: {
    reconnect: true,
  },
})

// using the ability to split links, you can send data to each link
// depending on what kind of operation is being sent
const link = split(
  // split based on operation type
  ({ query }) => {
    const definition = getMainDefinition(query)
    return definition.kind === 'OperationDefinition' &&
      definition.operation === 'subscription'
  },
  wsLink,
  httpLink
)

// Create the apollo client
const apolloClient = new ApolloClient({
  link,
  cache: new InMemoryCache(),
  connectToDevTools: true,
})

// Install the vue plugin like before
Vue.use(VueApollo)

Subscribe To More

If you need to update a smart query result from a subscription, the best way is using the subscribeToMore smart query method. It will create Smart Subscriptions that are linked to the smart query. Just add a subscribeToMore to your smart query:

apollo: {
  tags: {
    query: TAGS_QUERY,
    subscribeToMore: {
      document: gql`subscription name($param: String!) {
        itemAdded(param: $param) {
          id
          label
        }
      }`,
      // Variables passed to the subscription. Since we're using a function,
      // they are reactive
      variables () {
        return {
          param: this.param,
        }
      },
      // Mutate the previous result
      updateQuery: (previousResult, { subscriptionData }) => {
        // Here, return the new result from the previous with the new data
      },
    }
  }
}

TIP

Note that you can pass an array of subscriptions to subscribeToMore to subscribe to multiple subscriptions on this query.

Alternate usage

You can access the queries you defined in the apollo option with this.$apollo.queries.<name>, so it would look like this:

this.$apollo.queries.tags.subscribeToMore({
  // GraphQL document
  document: gql`subscription name($param: String!) {
    itemAdded(param: $param) {
      id
      label
    }
  }`,
  // Variables passed to the subscription
  variables: {
    param: '42',
  },
  // Mutate the previous result
  updateQuery: (previousResult, { subscriptionData }) => {
    // Here, return the new result from the previous with the new data
  },
})

If the related query is stopped, the subscription will be automatically destroyed.

Here is an example:

// Subscription GraphQL document
const TAG_ADDED = gql`subscription tags($type: String!) {
  tagAdded(type: $type) {
    id
    label
    type
  }
}`

// SubscribeToMore tags
// We have different types of tags
// with one subscription 'channel' for each type
this.$watch(() => this.type, (type, oldType) => {
  if (type !== oldType || !this.tagsSub) {
    // We need to unsubscribe before re-subscribing
    if (this.tagsSub) {
      this.tagsSub.unsubscribe()
    }
    // Subscribe on the query
    this.tagsSub = this.$apollo.queries.tags.subscribeToMore({
      document: TAG_ADDED,
      variables: {
        type,
      },
      // Mutate the previous result
      updateQuery: (previousResult, { subscriptionData }) => {
        // If we added the tag already don't do anything
        // This can be caused by the `updateQuery` of our addTag mutation
        if (previousResult.tags.find(tag => tag.id === subscriptionData.data.tagAdded.id)) {
          return previousResult
        }

        return {
          tags: [
            ...previousResult.tags,
            // Add the new tag
            subscriptionData.data.tagAdded,
          ],
        }
      },
    })
  }
}, {
  immediate: true,
})

Simple subscription

WARNING

If you want to update a query with the result of the subscription, use subscribeToMore. The methods below are suitable for a 'notify' use case

You can declare Smart Subscriptions in the apollo option with the $subscribe keyword:

apollo: {
  // Subscriptions
  $subscribe: {
    // When a tag is added
    tagAdded: {
      query: gql`subscription tags($type: String!) {
        tagAdded(type: $type) {
          id
          label
          type
        }
      }`,
      // Reactive variables
      variables () {
        // This works just like regular queries
        // and will re-subscribe with the right variables
        // each time the values change
        return {
          type: this.type,
        }
      },
      // Result hook
      // Don't forget to destructure `data`
      result ({ data }) {
        console.log(data.tagAdded)
      },
    },
  },
},

You can then access the subscription with this.$apollo.subscriptions.<name>.

TIP

Just like for queries, you can declare the subscription with a function, and you can declare the query option with a reactive function.

Skipping the subscription

If the subscription is skipped, it will disable it and it will not be updated anymore. You can use the skip option:

// Apollo-specific options
apollo: {
  // Subscriptions
  $subscribe: {
    // When a tag is added
    tags: {
      query: gql`subscription tags($type: String!) {
        tagAdded(type: $type) {
          id
          label
          type
        }
      }`,
      // Reactive variables
      variables () {
        return {
          type: this.type,
        }
      },
      // Result hook
      result (data) {
        // Let's update the local data
        this.tags.push(data.tagAdded)
      },
      // Skip the subscription
      skip () {
        return this.skipSubscription
      }
    },
  },
},

Here, skip will be called automatically when the skipSubscription component property changes.

You can also access the subscription directly and set the skip property:

this.$apollo.subscriptions.tags.skip = true

Manually adding a smart Subscription

You can manually add a smart subscription with the $apollo.addSmartSubscription(key, options) method:

created () {
  this.$apollo.addSmartSubscription('tagAdded', {
    // Same options like '$subscribe' above
  })
}

TIP

Internally, this method is called for each entry of the $subscribe object in the component apollo option.

Standard Apollo subscribe

Use the $apollo.subscribe() method to subscribe to a GraphQL subscription that will get killed automatically when the component is destroyed. It will NOT create a Smart Subscription.

mounted () {
  const subQuery = gql`subscription tags($type: String!) {
    tagAdded(type: $type) {
      id
      label
      type
    }
  }`

  const observer = this.$apollo.subscribe({
    query: subQuery,
    variables: {
      type: 'City',
    },
  })

  observer.subscribe({
    next (data) {
      console.log(data)
    },
    error (error) {
      console.error(error)
    },
  })
},
Last Updated: 5/5/2019, 5:18:05 PM